Saint Basil’s Cathedral is one of the most significant monuments of Old Russian architecture of the 16th century located in Moscow. The cathedral was erected in 1555-1561 gg. at the behest of Tsar Ivan the Terrible in honor of the conquest of the Kazan Kingdom.
Stories and myths of Ivan’s raging temper are known worldwide. One of the myths involves him purposefully blinding the cathedral’s (unnamed) Italian architect so that its design could never be replicated. Other legends tell us that the architects were a pair of Russians named Barma and Posnik, or that they may have been one person.
St. Basil’s Cathedral is officially known as the Cathedral of the Intercession of the Most Holy Theotokos on the Moat, and actually a cluster of buildings. A central church is surrounded by nine auxiliary churches, eight of which are dedicated to Ivan’s eight victories over the Tatars, and a smaller one consecrated to Saint Basil. This popular Moscow saint was buried in the grounds and his name later became the name of the Cathedral.
The Intercession Cathedral has unique wall paintings, an impressive collection of Old Russian icon painting and masterpieces and applied art. The ansemble of nine churches with complete iconostases is unique, the interiors of which reflect the four-century history of the church.
The fairy-tale Cathedral still dominates on Red Square where it is located, and impresses our imagination by its beauty.
Location: Google Maps
Once you are in Moscow visit St.Basil’s Cathedral with your guide and learn more interesting facts and stories: Moscow Tours